Publish a Message to SNS Topic
AWS SNS provides lots of option to notify the subscribers through various protocols with the message received from Publisher. Different AWS services could be used to send notification to the SNS topic. In this article we would talk over below topic
- Launch an Ec2 Instance
- Configure CloudWatch Metrics
- Send a Message to SNS topic using CloudWatch
Launch an EC2 Instance
We would need a RHEL EC2 instance where we would enable the CloudWatch to it. The test case is to send a notification to SNS topic when the CPU utilization would exceeds its threshold value.
We are not going to follow step by step to launch an EC2 here. You could refer Launch an Amazon EC2 in AWS to launch an Instance in AWS.
We already have an instance running in 2/2 checks. So we would use the same instance to enable the CloudWatch metrics in next topic.
Configure CloudWatch Metrics
By default, the CloudWatch alarms are not configured for your instance. You could enable this service during your EC2 Launch in Configure Instance details or you could configure it manually by below process
1. Sign into AWS Console (link) and open EC2 Service
2. Select your EC2 Instance and go to Monitoring
No Alarms configured as of yet.
3. Click on Create Alarm
In Create Alarm, provide all the details
Send a notification to – You need to provide your topic name here. The metrics would send notification to your topic. If you don’t have any topic created then refer How to Create a SNS Topic
Take Action – You could use this to create alarm to automatically stop, terminate, reboot or recover the instance. You may need to create separate role for each actions.
The Section Whenever, Is, For at least, Name of alarm is part of your alarm threshold configuration and tag name.
Here, the CloudWatch would send a notification to the SNS topic when the EC2 instance Average CPU utilization exceeds its threshold value (85% in our case)
Once you clicked on Create Alarm, the alarm would be created successfully
4. Verify the Alarm
Go to your EC2 console and you would be able to see the Alarm Status OK with alarm details
Send a Message to SNS topic using CloudWatch
As per alarm configuration, we need to increase the CPU Utilization above 85% to receive a notification to your SNS Topic using following steps
1. Connect to your EC2 using SSH
2. Verify the CPU using top command
The CPU looks very low due to no application is currently running on the server at this moment.
3. Increase the CPU Utilization
Create a bash script with below commands in your root terminal & execute in multiple windows. This is to create CPU spike in the Instance
[[email protected] ~]# vi spikecpu.sh Insert command dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/null & Save it [[email protected] ~]# chmod 755 spikecpu.sh [[email protected] ~]# sh spikecpu.sh
4. verify the CloudWatch CPU Alarm
Open the CLoudWatch CPU alarm of your EC2 in a new tab and verify it
Once the CPU Utilization exceeds 85% threshold value, the alarm status would change from OK to ALARM.
You could also click on View in Metrics to refresh your alarm manually.
As you could see the CPU alarm status has been changed from OK to ALARM because of above threshold value. Now we should receive a notification to your SNS topic
5.Verify the SNS Notification
We received the notification as per the configuration successfully.
Please comment below for any questions related to this post.